PLANO valgus deformity

To understand, what does the diagnosis of valgus flat-installation, having examined the word itself. "Flat" means that the foot in a child is flat - this is obvious, but valgus means that installing them in a child X-shaped. Many of us have met people whose feet are located by x, in the case of our disease x are only of the foot.

Orthopedists say that valgus flat foot in the child is not a disease but a deformity that a result of weak ligaments. The child with this problem legs get tired faster. Anatomically, the foot sinks inwards in the end, the vaults and arches are formed not as it should.

PLANO valgus deformity

If not treated Val gusnye flat feet in children, then over time the problem escalates into a flat.

Dangerous than flat feet

For many people, flat feet is just an excuse not to serve in the army. But those who is the owner of this defect, you know what, seriously, there are many problems.

The safest, but all the same unpleasant is cosmetic defect. In the future it becomes difficult to find the right shoes, you always have to look for special manufacturer and special insoles.

Women can't walk in heels, the heel slides forward, leading to discomfort, spoils the gait and has an adverse effect on the spine. Over time, you may receive a lump near the base of the thumb. This vypirayushchaya bone not only spoils the appearance of the feet and prevent wearing beautiful shoes, but also spoils the health of the person because of the constant inflammation and aching pain. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention and act.

When should I consult a doctor

A small child PLANO valgus setting appears as soon as the child becomes independent. The foot does not withstand the load of the body, and the inner edge of the brake slack, but the anterior is given. As soon as the first signs of X-shaped limbs, that is, the flat Val gusnyj a sign to seek medical advice and purchase quality shoes.

The diagnosis most often is after the age of 3 years, and valgus foot already in 9-12 months. Over time, these two problems are combined into one, and the result is a PLANO valgus foot.

The flat is not inherent in children up to 3 years as of the disease. It is present in all children, but is physiological, that is normal for this period of development. On the inner side of the foot of the child does not have seizures, yet there is a fatty layer, which acts as a shock absorber. A podiatrist may only pay attention to the shape of the foot of the child, if she rasplastannaya or wide can be detected by PLANO valgus installation stop.

The cause of the defect

The stop condition of the child and education flat valgus foot is affected by:

  • General muscle weakness of the child;
  • reduced or increased muscle tone;
  • protracted viral illness;
  • pneumonia;
  • bronchitis;
  • rickets;
  • prematurity.

Flat feet and flat Val gusnoe curvature in children is a consequence of the stretching of ligaments and muscles of the inner part of the foot, Shin and ankle, the heel moves to the outside, the inside ankle and the entire lower part of the leg changes the centered location.

If flat Val gusnoe the situation is bad enough, it becomes difficult not only to perform physical activities, but just to walk. Attenuation is minimized, so the entire burden falls on the spine and the brain.

After 5 years of flat valgus setting foot in children is almost no cure, so therapy should begin as early as possible. For beginning flatfoot just stops and improves the General condition of feet. And even if you fail to cure the child 100%, this deviation (if in control), will not be affected in the future on his overall health. Based on the severity of the problem and age, the doctor prescribes orthotics, physiotherapy and massage.

massage

The importance of massage

Thanks to massage the child's muscles relax, ligaments are stretched, they become thicker, the force balance is normalized, then stop taking the right position, and then sought in the treatment of valgus flat foot.

The most important factor in the child is exercise therapy. It does not apply in isolation, as it is aimed only at consolidating the results obtained. Using parallel massage and physical therapy, can achieve stable, long lasting result.

As for the massage, the focus is on the inner and front part of the tibia, the foot is paid attention to the thumb : it is important to improve their supinatornye functions.

When you massage do not apply pressure to the feet, uses the techniques of kneading, rubbing and stroking. When massirovanii legs with valgus flat foot apply vibration, rubbing and stroking. Massage is done gymnastics before and after its implementation.

Process and PLANO valgus foot long and complicated, but if you continuously engage in the necessary procedures, it is possible to count on the normalization of health and proper growth of the lower extremities.

Physiotherapy

Special exercises physical therapy for children, if you have a flat, you can perform at home. The child must exercise in thin socks or barefoot, the whole complex is divided into several parts 2-3 exercises performed throughout the day. The main emphasis during PLANO valgus setting is aimed at the correct formulation of the foot when standing and walking. Doctors sometimes, after certain examinations, prescribed salt baths and electrophoresis. Even so, that the doctors at PLANO valgus foot is convincingly recommended the bike. And you know what, it helped.

Children's gymnastics leads to the fact that the child needs to learn to put legs and feet in the correct position, that is close and parallel to each other, not wide apart, as in the flat Val gusnom defect. If he had flat valgus installation, the lower limbs will gradually fall into place.

To develop the skill of walking in flat Val gusnom disease, it is recommended to walk the walk of a width not exceeding 15 cm, it can be a strip of carpet or Board, if neither one nor the other can be directly on the floor with chalk to draw the border. On the street and baby you can drive on the curbs, logs, etc.

The other special children picks up directly by the physician.

As useful information, include in the diet of the child: Turkey meat and rabbit, fish, foods containing large amounts of calcium like cheese and cheese. Very useful fresh juices, zucchini, squash, celery, sesame seeds, etc. If possible, go with your child in specialized sanatoriums for rapid and effective treatment of the foot. It will not only relax, but also useful!

Therapeutic exercises

The life of a child, especially in the first year, is quite rich, especially for its musculoskeletal system. This is the time when he learns to roll over, crawl, sit, stand, walk. Many mechanisms within 12 months will not be involved any more in a single year of human life. Because not very surprising if one of the links of the chain of the female body the cases of failures, overload, damaged.

One of the main features of locomotor apparatus is the formation and functioning of the posture and of the foot. Their development is directly connected with the attempts of the child to stand on feet and walk. And quite often doctors have concluded the baby such disease as flat arise due to congenital peculiarities and in the period of intensive circulation.

Features ploskoval'gusnoj of deformity

Posture and legs are simultaneously the load when the child's ability to stand or walk. The balance which he tries to sustain his body, placing it vertically in space, of course, has a certain load the entire skeletal system of the body.

In some cases, the disease develops because of the existing of congenital flatfoot. The average age when the most frequently recorded ploskoval'gusnye feet in children - 5 years. By this time many parents begin to notice the incorrect setting of the stop when walking, and as a result go to the doctor to get timely and effective treatment.

Symptoms

The main symptoms that should alert parents and pointing to the fact that musculoskeletal child has a problem is:

  1. The mixing of the foot when walking inside;
  2. The child complains of headache and leg pain;
  3. Becomes noticeable stoop of the child;
  4. Compacted, thick foot.

As a rule, the deformity of the foot, a pronounced flattening, as well as an incorrect statement of the foot when walking, when the child is not based fully on the entire surface, but only on the inside of, as though bending it, and causing anxiety in the parents. In case of untimely detection of such symptoms can happen quite unfavorable for musculoskeletal complications.

The consequences

The symptoms indicate that the musculoskeletal system of the child suffers, can for some inattentive parents go unnoticed. In this case, the child is at risk to the disease to a number of other serious consequences.

The curvature of the knees letter X; Flatfoot; Arthrosis and arthritis; Systematic pain in the legs; Scoliosis; Clubfoot; Problems with the cervical spine and, as a consequence, migraine.

Despite the prevalence of the disease among children, it has a very valid reason for his appearance, if not to take into account the innate nature of the disease with medicine, the term "vertical battering RAM."

Reasons

Flat valgus feet has a variety of causes that can cause disease even in infants. However, in this question it is important to note that the form of the disease can be either congenital or acquired. Therefore, in children under 3 years of age it is possible to speak about changes of the foot that had prenatal development.

In turn, to 4-5 years of a child's life ploskoval'gusnye of the foot appear as a result of many reasons that the survey is determined by the doctor.

  1. The weakness of the muscle and ligaments of the lower leg, not able to hold the correct position of the foot;
  2. Hereditary factor;
  3. Mismatched, uncomfortable and poor quality children's shoes. You should avoid wearing shoes with thin, flat and soft soled, not anatomically follows the shape of the foot;
  4. Lack of exercise in children;
  5. Frequent colds, infections, bacterial disease;
  6. Injuries of the foot;
  7. Endocrine disorders, including thyroid disease, excess weight or, conversely, underweight, diabetes;
  8. Rickets, which has a devastating effect on bones, making them weak and fragile, as well as affecting the curvature of the foot;
  9. Abnormal metabolism and nutrition system, which has a negative impact on the body;
  10. Lack of calcium and other vitamins and minerals.

Establishing the cause of the child's curvature of the foot requires immediate therapy, which is carried out different methods.

Treatment ploskoval'gusnoj foot

This disease depends on its extent and shape. If the diagnosis is still in the hospital when takes place to be a congenital form, treatment is given as quickly as possible, literally from the first month of life.

Treatment ploskoval'gusnoj deformation of the stop aims at the correction of the distortion and fixation. Thus, it is important not only to overcome the defect, but also to consolidate the result.

Conservative treatment

Typically, the therapy is rarely assigned drugs. Their application is necessary in the case of systematic or temporary headaches or pain in the legs. Medication groups analgesic relieve symptoms but not the cause, so doctors treatment provided primarily external in nature, namely:

  1. Feet superimposed plaster bandage providing and fixing the corrective action. Since the problem of this disease deals with the orthopedist and the surgeon, the doctor decides what kind of dressings;
  2. An important stage of treatment - physiotherapy, massage, exercise is something that will allow feet to feel the fullness and accuracy of movements;
  3. No less important is the stage of maintaining the results, because ploskoval'gusnye feet tend therapy again to "go." Therefore, the child to purchase special orthopedic shoes with the same insoles.

In the case of acquired deformations, when diagnosed with valgus flat-installation of stop, as a rule, a doctor prescribes gentle treatment, but again it all depends on the severity of the disease. But it should be noted that it is only conservative treatment. There are quite serious cases, which require not just exercise and massage, and surgery.

Operations

Operations
  • Operation Grajsa - operation, in which at the foot of a child is a special insert, not allowing the foot to bend inwards;
  • Method Dobbsa based on ehtapnom the plaster on the foot of the child with subsequent percutaneous fixation with K-wire. It's not surgery, and chiropractic, which is to hold 5-6 sessions - usually one a week, which is the impact on the foot and the final stage is their gypsuming;
  • Various myagkotkannye and artrodeziruyushchie surgery, decided by the attending physician.

It is important to understand that the question of the appointment of a sparing therapy or surgery can solve only the doctor. In turn parents, no matter how savvy information from public sources they were not, we should not resist the treatment of their child.

10.08.2018