Valgus deformity of the knee: 4 methods of treatment

The curvature of the knee (valgus) occurs at birth or appear in adulthood. Ignoring the growing signs of the disease may lead to severe deformation of the joints. Talk about valgus deformity of knee joints, let's deal with the dangerous effects of unsightly appearance of the limbs.

What is a valgus

Valgus curvature (legs look like a letter X) may occur at any age, starting from birth. About the presence of valgus deformity of the knee (see photo below), say, if the interval between the ankles (inside) is more than 5 cm, with dense compression straight knees.

With this curvature, the inner joint gap expands and the outer, on the contrary narrowed.

Signs of valgus curvature

Determine the valgus knee joints by the following symptoms:

  • the knees of both legs, along with feet, as if turned outwards. Perhaps the development of flatfoot;
  • when walking there is fatigue, pain appear;
  • if valgus affected one limb is affected the spine, and scoliosis;
  • if left untreated, there is a shuffling gait;
  • in the congenital form of valgus of the disease, possible curvature of the femoral neck;
  • valgus noticeable when examined by x-ray.

Allocate the degree of development of the articular valgus:

  • initial, where the deviations of the lower leg (laterally) does not exceed 10 or 15 degrees;
  • in the second stage, Shin declined by more than 15-20 degrees;
  • severe stage of hallux valgus is accompanied by severe curvature of the extremities, with a deviation of 20 degrees, and more.
Signs of hallux The causes of hallux valgus

There are the following causes of deformation of the knee joints:

  • the curvature at birth (unilateral and bilateral);
  • a large load on the limbs in childhood, with a combination of rapid growth of the child, and the simultaneous under-developed ligaments. This is one of the common causes;
  • related diseases (rachitis, paralysis);
  • damage to bones of pelvis;
  • incorrect, poor quality shoes, wearing which the compression of the foot and, accordingly, it is an incorrect statement;
  • overweight;
  • injuries of the knee;
  • the influence of the environment.
If valgus detected in childhood, and is not treated, the adult can cause serious problems.

Hallux valgus in children

Valgus deformity of knee joints in children is of two types:

  • one-sided. Hallux valgus affects only one limb;
  • bilateral. The deformation of both legs.

It is believed that valgus limb occurs in infancy when there is a clear connection of the tribes, and the simultaneous retraction of the legs. In some cases this condition gradually comes to normal. If a visible distortion remains, it is necessary to quickly take steps to correct the defect, while muscle mass and ligaments of the child is not formed completely.

The most notable development of the disease occurs during the first steps of the kid when he learns to walk. Baby's feet experiencing high loads, therefore, may occur deformation.

Parents should understand that valgus can affect not only the knees but also the feet of the child. When valgus disease begins to develop a curvature of the spine.

If you do not treat the disease, growing up, the child will experience pain during walking, suffer from flat feet and scoliosis.

Treatment

Treatment of valgus deformity of the knee in children should include the following set of measures:

  1. the use of prosthetic materials;
  2. physiotherapy;
  3. change the mode of the day, lifestyle, combined with preventive measures;
  4. massage;
  5. special physical exercises.
Operational method to correct valgus in children is not usually used. The surgery is indicated for older people, when deformation is accompanied by inflammation of different nature.

Let us consider each point in the treatment of valgus knee joints in children.

Orthopedics

To help the joints in valgus, use special tires, manufactured in orthopedic saloon, locking the joint part of the limb at the knee. These tires are recorded, and left for the night. The use of orthopedic products is possible only after medical consultation.

The doctor should monitor the wearing of the tires, and check the degree of fixation. If you use tires, there are contra-indications in the violation of the outflow of blood extremities.

Physical therapy

Physical therapy to help cope with the valgus of the knee in children. When assigning holistic treatments, it is possible to improve blood flow to the affected limb to strengthen muscles. As a result of complex events there is an opportunity to correct the valgus deformity of the limbs, and support the joints when walking during treatment.

Preventive measures related to lifestyle

If diagnosed valgus knee, we recommend the following points (in combination with other treatments) that help prevent further development of the curvature of the limbs:

  1. parents need to ensure that the child was not long on her feet. At the time of treatment should be limited to games where the child has to stand;
  2. one of the most effective methods in the treatment of valgus, is the massage, which we'll talk about it;
  3. if necessary, the doctor prescribes the child's special orthopedic shoes;
  4. parents should monitor the temperature of the room where the baby. When valgus curvature dangerous overheating and overcooling of the limbs. Failure to comply with the temperature regime, the disease can progress;
  5. wearing orthopedic tyres mentioned above;
  6. surgery may be used in exceptional situations, there are other methods;
  7. in warm time of the year the child is encouraged to walk barefoot (on grass, sand);
  8. special gymnastic exercises, which will also focus on.

Notice that baby's legs are not all right, not so difficult. Parents should pay attention to how he walks them little. If the legs are good, then while walking the feet parallel and the load is placed on the heel and a cushion for fingers. When deformed joints during movement, the baby comes on the inside of your foot and little finger is usually in good condition. This gait suggests a clear development of valgus.

Massage

Course of massage is performed with emphasis on the lumbar and dorsal muscles, but also affects the buttocks and inner surface of limbs.

When valgus curvature is usually prescribed a course of massage consisting of 12 or 20 sessions, in compliance with the intervals of 2 to 4 weeks. Depending on the number of sessions, the procedures are performed every day, or every other day.

The session starts with massage movements in the lumbar region, then moves on to the buttocks and spine. After proceed to massage thighs and the inner part of the shins. Performed massage movements on the foot.

Massage Special exercises

Special exercises with valgus joint deformity, help only when their regular run. There are several movements, which are of concern in the curvature of the knee:

  • undesirable prolonged standing with legs wide apart. It is necessary to control the movement of the child, and not leave it for a long time in a standing position;
  • it is forbidden to slide on the floor with the feet joined together;
  • it is impossible to compress the knees when sitting;
  • not recommended exercise, where you have to overcome the resistance.

Parents need to watch baby during any physical activity, to exclude a listed load and thus worsen the situation.

The doctor will prescribe exercises that need to be addressed several times a day. Classes are conducted after massage session while still relaxing the muscles, as well as at other times. For convenience, all the exercises can be divided into groups, and perform individually.

It is important to notice that in the child's development occur unusual changes, and promptly seek medical advice.

How to forget about the pain in the joints forever

Have you ever felt an unbearable pain in the joints or constant back pain? Judging by the fact that you are reading this article you already know personally. And, of course, you know what:

  • constant aching and sharp pain;
  • the impossibility of comfortable and easy to move around;
  • constant tension of the muscles of the back;
  • unpleasant crunching and clicking in the joints;
  • sharp backache in the spine or unreasonable pain in the joints;
  • impossibility long to sit in the same position.
15.08.2018