Hallux valgus: treatment, insole, photo

Hallux valgus deformation of foot – the process of changing the shape of the foot, which is accompanied by the appearance of ugly painful outgrowth of bone at the base of the big toe.

hallux valgus pictures

As deformation occurs

Flat valgus feet – a specific pathology in the functional position of the foot, due to the fact that its height is significantly undervalued, and the center axis is curved.

Fingers on the foot and the heel, respectively, turned outward, and the foot gradually becomes x-shaped cutout. This pathology can wear nonheritable and to be congenital, treat her extremely problematic, but, in General, correction of the disease is conservative or surgical operation is carried out by podiatrists quite successfully.

Flat hallux valgus in adults may occur due to such factors:

  • mismatched shoes (or insoles) – it can narrow or not the size of the foot;
  • long wearing shoes, boots, high heels;
  • subluxation of the base of the proximal phalanx of the big toe;
  • on the background of gout in the joints accumulates excessive amount of uric acid salts is, in turn, leads to the fact that developing flat hallux valgus in adults;
  • weak tendons;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • excess body weight (more load on the joints);
  • flat valgus feet and peculiar to the menopause in the female body and hormonal imbalance;
  • pregnancy — mitotic corset simply can not cope with the additional functional load on it, so part of the mass "pushing" on the joints, deforming them;
  • flat feet different degree;

The difference in the degrees with valgus deformity of the foot depends on the angle that varies between the first finger and the bone (connecting the metatarsal).

1 degree

hallux valgus photo degree

At the first degree in milusheva corner there is an increase in deformation of the joint (sesamoid ligaments too moveable), there is subluxation of the foot.

At the second degree hallux valgus is a further displacement of the tendons and joints in the thumb.

Deformation of 3 degrees (regardless of the factor that was major) arises from the fact that the bone and connective tissue in this zone vulnerable and weak enough, they do not cope with a considerable functional load.

Signs of flat hallux valgus the following:

  • Explicit visual cosmetic defect – the joint greatly increases in size, sticks out to the side located perpendicular to the axis of the foot, and the finger is turned in the opposite direction, inward (video); there is a so-called varus foot position.
  • Accompany the symptomatic manifestations of pathology PLANO valgus and flat feet, severe chronic bursitis and arthrosis deformans, which affects the metatarsophalangeal joints.

Diagnosis

For correct selection of treatment valgus, prevention of disease (physical exercise, gymnastics, massage), as well as prevent its further development, requires timely and thorough examination of the patient.

To specify valgus, the doctor makes an x-ray of the foot in 3 projections – so you can identify which of the 3 degrees of development of hallux valgus foot of the patient, and also to clarify whether there are any additional related pathologies, such as avascular necrosis, cyst, arthritis, inflammatory disorders of the periosteum, etc.

In case of detection of relevant symptoms (photo), the doctor applies a treatment (orthotics, corrective exercises, gymnastics, massage), which if not cured valgus, then at least fix his appearance.

To permanently cure flat hallux valgus deformity of 3 degrees is almost impossible, but you can do without surgery. There are several standard methods of treatment aimed at correction of this pathology.

Orthotics

Installation of special orthopedic insoles designed for correcting flat valgus foot deformity.

Such insoles exhibit high efficiency in the early stages of the disease, in addition, the podiatrist must designate special insoles to correct the position of the foot.

In addition to the above methods shows the installation of correctors for your fingers and extra ties. The best option is medical shoes orthopedic properties, which are individually fitted insoles.

At valguse shown a special foot massage. With this purpose, you should turn to professionals. Often to correct pathology, the podiatrist prescribes a course of massage consisting of ten sessions, which should be repeated at least every few months.

Properly selected physical exercises help significantly to correct valgus of the foot. The most common types of gymnastics:

  • walking on dimidium digitos;
  • walking on uneven surfaces;
  • attempt to grab the toes of some items.
  • movement across the room only on the outer part of the feet.

For gymnastics for the treatment of valgus suitable exercises with the use of the massage Mat.

The complex of physical events is not suitable for treatment, and to minimize the symptoms. Well at valguse complement treatment with massage, orthopedic insoles and gymnastic exercises.

If walking adults have soreness, preventing them to move, the podiatrist shall appoint painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Surgery is indicated in situations when pathology is clearly progressive in nature or the deformed finger prevents the patient to live comfortably, and when conservative methods – the insoles in the shoes, remedial massage and special exercises have not resulted in correction of varus foot installation .

valgus deformity of the foot photo sole

Modern medical equipment designed to support this kind of treatment minus traumatica correction of the joint is performed, after which the patient is put into a cast and not mount any additional structures.

During surgery, the surgeon adjusts the angle that is between the bones of the foot. This operation is necessary for the driving function of ligaments is correctly distributed. The recovery period after such an operation is fast enough, and recurrence is not seen.

The popular treatment

Varus stop (photo) in adults that result from hallux valgus of 3 degrees, is subject to adjustment at home (without surgery). The most effective technology:

Shown taking a decoction of madder dye tool removes excess uric acid; a teaspoon of the powder should be poured a full glass of water, you want to preheat; then about 10 minutes the mixture should be boiled on a steam bath; the means to thoroughly drain, take for 12 cups several times a day. Sometimes it helps even to avoid surgery.

Well adjusted growths and struggling with varus installing stop dandelion flowers. After they are well dried, they should pour a small amount of iodine. Means insist 3 days, then applied in the form of a grid on valgus of the foot.

Varus setting of the feet and valgus deformity is well corrected with the help of special homemade healing ointment. On the big spoonful of mustard powder will require the same fresh-water sponge, a few tablespoons of turpentine and a few drops of machine oil. Treatment of valgus these (photos) will be very efficient and effective, helps to do without surgery.

Compress

Well suited for the treatment of varus stop and 3 degrees valgus and therapeutic compresses made with natural propolis. A small slice of money to put on the bone, carefully securing it with a bandage.

Any of the above methods of treatment of valgus to 3 degrees varus and the installation of the foot will be effective, but better still, a holistic approach, combining homemade recipes with the correct physical exercises, corrective footwear, orthopedic insoles, will add to the massage therapy.

You should always take preventative measures (exercise and physiotherapy, orthotics, massage) in order to avoid the emergence and development of hallux valgus.

20.08.2018