Plana hallux foot the child is a serious pathology, which treatment should be selected individually. Once the baby starts walking, passes a small window of time before his walk will cease to be awkward and insecure. But some adults notice that their child continues to clumsily step on the inner surface of the foot. This defect is called valgus foot.
Experts note that for the deformation characterized by the lowering of the arch of the foot and the axis of the limb becomes X-shaped. Heel and fingers unfold out, lowered middle part of the foot. The campaign becomes awkward, and a little when walking quickly gets tired and complains of leg pain.
Knowing what is valgus foot in children, parents can check whether there is defect at the crumbs. To do this, the child should stand up straight and impact the knees. In this position, the distance between the edges of the ankles must be more than 5 cm.
Some symptoms are visible when walking:
All of these symptoms (except the first two) can be seen in children who are taking their first steps. But with the development of skill while walking, as a rule, all the symptoms disappear. Another thing, if the kid has long walks alone, and the last symptoms left. Do not panic, but to show a baby the doctor must.
There are two forms of the disease — congenital and acquired. Signs of children under 3 years indicates that in utero changes. But the origin of the disease in children over the age of finds the doctor, based on the results of their surveys.
The reasons influencing the development of the defect include:
To clarify the reasons for the development of valgus of the foot are doing the correct research, then the doctor picks up further treatment.
There are 4 degrees of valgus disorders that differ in severity of occurrence and the severity of the defect:
As can be seen, the first two stages of the disease respond well to conservative treatment — correction is quite simple and not lengthy. With the third and fourth degree much more complicated.
Diagnose a disease from a child orthopedic surgeon. Diagnosed on the basis of examination and assigned additional tests, which include computer plantography, x-rays of the feet, podometry. If the diagnosis is made without these studies, you should consult another doctor.
Often children with valgus pathology sent for a consultation with a neurologist to rule out problems with the Central and peripheral nervous system. Once found all the causes which result in deformation of the feet, the doctor sets the type of lesions according to etiology:
Treatment of PLANO-valgus of the foot in a child is chosen depending on age and degree of deformation. If pathology is congenital, that is used for special studies. If you find disease, splints carry out the installation, fixing of dressing or splint, which are fixed limbs. The locking element is selected by the doctor-orthopedist. Acquired defect of the foot can be corrected comprehensively.
The positive therapeutic effect achieved by a number of procedures. Important role in treatment and have a foot bath. For the procedure required water temperature is about 40 degrees. In warm water add sea salt. In this treatment solution the baby's legs should be 30 minutes.
To enhance the action in a container of water, put the massage pad and ask him to walk on it. The procedure strengthens the muscles without undue stress on the foot. At first glance this process seems useless, but when used regularly to cure foot possible.
Massage — a method that also aims to release tension in the muscles of the muscles and ligaments become elastic and strong. It promotes the normal development of the limbs and improve circulation.
Massage with Plana hallux the feet starts from the back, then a massage of the lower back and buttocks, then the legs to the feet. Let's consider the stages of therapeutic massage:
The movements are smooth and pumping, is directed along the back to the neck. Then bent fingers rubbing your back, one hand moving up and the other down. Complete back massage rubbing movements.
The spine and perform massage of the lower back.
The gluteal region, to stroke the back party of fingers or perform light Pat.
Foot massage from thigh to knee dimples, then the entire back of the leg stretch.
Calf flexing and relaxing movements, rubbing, shaking.
Special attention should be given to massage. Rubbing and stroking the groove between the toes and the heel.
In addition to the baths and massage, the doctor may prescribe other supplemental procedures. Usually in valgus the foot is recommended:
To strengthen the effect of massage will help special exercises that you can do at home:
In order to be sure of the correct exercise, it is recommended to attend a specialist. And then, given the intricacies of all the exercises you can do at home without assistance.
Shoes with hallux valgus defect must be orthopedic and meet some of the requirements:
Purchase of orthopedic shoes must be in a special shop or the orthopedic salon. She just bought a new one. You cannot use someone else's shoes, and orthopedic shoes are deformed with the features of the foot.
To wear such shoes, it is recommended not only on the street but at home. Wear it helps to relieve excess load on the muscles, proper support of the foot and the formation of a correct gait.
In advanced and severe cases are shown in Plana hallux the feet in children, surgical treatment. There are several types of surgical intervention. But the essence of any operation is the cutting of the ligaments or the attachment of ligament to the bone so that her mobility was minimal.
Surgery is rarely carried out against children. Usually in most cases positive results can be achieved through preventative measures.
First and foremost, parents should carefully monitor the gait of their child, and in what position is the foot. When the first signs of the defect and when in doubt, you need time to respond and consult a doctor. In the first year of your baby to visit a podiatrist should be 2 times a year.
Subject to certain rules it is possible to prevent the development of disease: