The disease mainly affects women but it can develop in men.The basis of pathology – a curvature and deformity of the joints of the paw, which is reflected in the fact that they are deformed. The front part of the foot is greatly expanded, and the ligaments and tendons are strongly displaced from their places.
To say exactly why appears this pathology, there is no way. There may be involved both external and internal factors. First and foremost is the heredity. The disease mostly occurs in women, if it was his mother.
Another risk factor that can be considered the main female character. In men are common in several times less, and for them it is rather the exception.
Wearing uncomfortable shoes and high heel shoes for a long time can also be considered a factor in the development of pathology. In this case the load falls on the fingers, and they begin to deform.
Another significant risk is cross-footed, which affects muscles and ligaments. And finally, the reason could be excess weight, injuries, trauma, and other damages this part of the foot.
It is important to note the presence of deformation of the first toe at the first stage. Only in this case the treatment will be successful and quick. While you can fix everything without the help of surgery. Just to distinguish between 4 stages of the process.
At the first degree there is only a slight deviation of the first toe – not more than 20 degrees. Any inconvenience it brings.
In the second stage, the deviation angle is more than 20 but less than 30 degrees.
At the third stage, the finger can move at 50 degrees, others are also greatly deformed. Limited range of motion produces pain.
In the fourth step the deviation is more than 50 degrees, comes deformation of the entire foot, the pain becomes constant.
This is one of the most unpleasant and dangerous diseases. Therefore, when the first symptoms need to see a doctor for diagnosis and prescribing the right treatment.
Valgus deformity of the first toe has its own symptoms. At the initial stage there is a slight bulging of the bones that becomes especially noticeable on the thumb. Any discomfort or pain to the patient is not, therefore, to the clinic most women go not in a hurry.
Gradually the big toe starts to deviate from its normal position. There is heaviness in the legs, a pain that occurs during long walks or long stay in a standing position. It becomes impossible to walk in heels, you only need shoes with a flat surface and a wide nose.
With the development of the main symptom becomes a pain. It can last throughout the day and even at night. Starts inflammation of the joints, they can redden and swell.
In the fourth stage deformation very noticeable. It affects different joints of the foot. The pain may worsen at some times and also there is constantly.
Independently to suspect the disease easy. But accurate diagnosis requires radiography. Also, the disease may not be independent, and to be the cause of arthritis, gout and other diseases of the skeleton.
If the disease is in the first stage, then diagnosis is required to use the method of MRI scanning.
The treatment of hallux valgus should be performed only by a doctor. It is desirable to do at the first stage. Initially assigned to conservative therapy that helps the majority of patients with this diagnosis, but it should be understood that treatment will be lengthy and necessarily complex.
If there is inflammation, the first step is to get rid of it. To achieve this we often used special gels and ointments.
It is important to only wear orthopedic shoes, which will be made only to order. If you are overweight, be sure to normalize the power as much load on the legs is not conducive to their health.
If conservative treatment has failed, surgical treatment is applied. This files most often completely removed the very bone, is the restoration of the ligaments and fixation of the joint special plate.