Valgus feet develops gradually: at first the patient complains that his feet hurt after long walks, especially on the heels begins to inflame the big toe joint, where with a slight bump, then it becomes very difficult to find shoes, bends the big toe and the forefoot. On the sole increases seal corns or calluses, the second finger goes to the top and takes the form of a hammer, it will bend and not bend. Disturbed blood supply to the joint, accompanied by severe pain when walking, later threatened by disability.
Hallux valgus is widespread among women after 40, as well as among infants from 9 months to 1.5 years, when a skill walk. Pathology is an internal and external change in the bone tissue of the foot caused by negative external effects, accompanied by painful sensations, the identification of "bumps" near the big toe and its curvature. Formed from incorrect load on the inner part of the foot, whereby it is the outer part and the little finger slightly raised.
The running condition of the disease has very negative effects: cutting pains excessive load on the spine, its curvature, the appearance of arthritis and osteoarthritis, clubfoot, bunions. You need a proper timely treatment, as well as the use of individually tailored orthopedic shoes.
The main causes of deformity:
The disease can also cause varicose veins, flat feet, congenital defects, trauma, intensive joint mobility and others.
Even uncomfortable shoes or boots that encourage developing bones in the foot, however, are not the root cause. Deformation arises from incorrect load on the inner part of the foot, whereby it is the outer part and the little finger slightly raised. Is disruption of the connective tissue (ligaments).
Most importantly, what we can do to prevent the disease choosing the right shoes or using orthopedic insole on time, not losing time.
hallux valgus degree is measured using the following variables:
So, there are several degrees of valgus deformation of the big toe:
The disease in children can be congenital or acquired. However, the first appearance of the disease is very rare, whereas the second causes are often connective tissue dysplasia, leading to minuit ligaments, which can not withstand the excessive pressure of the spine. In addition, an unsuitable baby shoes, bad ecology, excessive weight, genetic predisposition also contribute to the development of this disease.
In medicine it is accepted to distinguish four degrees of hallux valgus disease:
Please note that for the determination of degree of deformation it is necessary to consult a qualified specialist who revealed on x-ray the degree of hallux valgus, prescribe effective treatment.
How can we recognize the presence of this disease?
First, patients suffer from pain in the feet, namely in the field of I metatarsal bone. It manifests itself after a long walk or load on the legs. The manifestation of hallux valgus stop depending on its deformation degree and the stage is different in nature and strength – from discomfort to acute and aching pain.
Second is a visual deformity of the big toe. As shown in the photo, the foot loses its normal shape, developing bone ekzistas (hardening of bone tissue – "bump"), and the big toe starts to deviate from its axis and moves to a rest, lying on the second finger.
In addition, under the phalanges of the second and third fingers appear corns, the sensitivity of feet decreases, swelling and redness of the skin.
Plana hallux deformity of foot, as stated above, is a pathological violation of the provisions of the foot. The pressure is curved, the height is reduced, and its operation proceeds in an unnatural manner. Characteristic symptoms:
All these symptoms lead to the conclusion about the presence of abnormalities, but the reliability of the information necessary x-rays and other procedures.
A first step is a thorough examination of the patient by a specialist foot examination of the bones. Timely treatment can be the main factor in the appointment of treatment. X-ray will show which of the stages a patient. Given that this disease provoke the development of comorbidities, after the above procedures, the picture becomes clearer.
Diagnosis of hallux valgus in children is more complicated. For the full study, detection, causes and complications of the disease recommended treatment by several specialists: pediatric orthopedist, the neurologist and the surgeon. Depending on external manifestations doctor prescribes:
Attention! Noticing the symptoms of hallux valgus in a child, in any case do not spend self-treatment, as this may contribute not only to the progress of the disease, but also lead to complications.
The disease lends itself sparing treatments in most cases. The main ways of dealing with valgus deformity of the big toe are:
These methods of treatment is also indicated for hallux valgus in children. An experienced physician can be assigned to electrophoresis, electrical or magnetic stimulation of the muscles, would be useful paraffin and swimming.
Depending on the stage of a warp use different ways of rectification.
When running 3 degrees of the disease may need an extreme measure the surgery. Is divided into several types:
As follows from the above, Plana hallux deformity of the foot is quite common, especially in women. Lends itself well to effective treatment, in both adults and children. Timely detection and proper treatment will prevent its development and complications. Follow the health of their feet, and they will please you with their strength, beauty, endurance for many years.