Orthopedic disease, popularly known as "bone on foot" is called "valgus deformity of the big toe". Many believe the phenomenon unpleasant cosmetic defect, but, in fact, in the joint develops inflammation.
Bursitis of the big toe can be cured without surgery at an early stage of the disease, while negative changes were not irreversible. The delay in the visit to the doctor often leads to the need for surgical intervention.
Bone on foot - slightly aesthetic education, aggravating the appearance of the feet, causing discomfort when walking. A patient suffering bursitis of the first toe of the foot, can not wear beautiful shoes, while driving, there are painful sensations in the feet.
Valgus deformity is not merely a defect, it is a signal of metabolic disorders, irregular way of life. The main category of patients - women aged 45-50 years and older, often, obesity and endocrine disorders.
Recognize orthopedic disease is easy: when valgus deformity of the first finger is bent and looks inside the joint protrudes out. The stronger the degree of damage, the more "sticking stone". When I degree of pathology of the angle of deviation of the big toe is 15 degrees, with II - 20 degrees, at III - 30 degrees. The offset of the 1st finger at the fourth, the most severe hallux valgus, is more than 30 degrees.
Important! Negative changes in the metatarsophalangeal joint not happen in one day, the patient may notice the first signs of bursitis, see a doctor. In severe stage orthopedic diseases of folk methods, orthoses and pharmacy drugs ineffective. The older the patient, the less the chances of success of conservative therapy.
Doctors have identified two main reasons for the development of articular pathology:
Patients often don't know what's usual occupation or lifestyle are the cause of orthopedic disorders. The sooner it will become clear what causes the valgus deformity, the easier it is to give up some habits, to reduce the risk of unpleasant, painful education.
The combination of negative factors leads to a change of the angle between the first and second metatarsal bones, dislocation of elements of the foot. Head sticking out of the knee - this is an ugly "bump" that protrudes under the skin cover.
At the first sign of valgus deformity in the thumb area, the majority of patients self-medicating. In the course are miracle creams, medicated baths, plasters for resorption pits, and other methods.
Sometimes the deformation stops, but often the disease progresses against the background of negative factors, deteriorating health of the cartilage and bone as before. Only an experienced doctor will examine the problem, develop a treatment plan.
Diagnosis of the disease, therapy, pathology, surgeon or traumatologist-orthopedist. When bursitis often requires the assistance of an endocrinologist, and therapist.
Conservative therapy is effective at 1 and 2 degrees of hallux valgus. Will need a maximum effort from the patient, discipline and strict compliance with treatment guidelines. Traditional methods are ineffective, compresses, baths, home ointment slightly reduce inflammation, reduce pain, but the basis for them to take with you.
Important! In the absence of adequate therapy of orthopedic pathology goes into a heavy, 3 or 4 degree develops osteomyelitis, swollen feet, painful corns appear, suppuration. In advanced cases, large angle offset of the 1st finger patient has difficulty in walking, movement deliver excruciating pain, buy shoes often ends in a nervous failures because of the complexity with the choice of suitable shoes or boots.
The emphasis is on the following methods:
When severe, 3 and 4 stages of pathology, the thumb shift is 30 degrees or more conservative therapy has a positive impact on the state of the problematic joint. Brightly-marked valgus curvature - the reason for the appointment to the orthopedic surgeon.
The operation for excising the painful "bone" has long been deleted from the list of dangerous, provoking serious complications. Modern methods return the patient to the joy of movement, removed the ugly hill on the side of the foot without severe consequences for the organism.
Common methods of surgical intervention:
After surgical treatment the patient is undergoing rehabilitation to restore functions of the foot. Recommended to wear special shoes in the afternoon, the mandatory imposition of a special splint at night, taking painkillers and antibiotics for the prevention of inflammatory processes in the operated region.
At exact observance of the methodology 3 weeks after surgery, the person returns to normal life, forget about the discomfort when walking and pain syndrome.
Congenital anomalies of the foot and hereditary predisposition factors, the effect of which is to prevent impossible. Age-related changes can be corrected, if a person keeps a healthy lifestyle, monitoring the health.
After studying the list of causes of valgus deformity in the region of the first toe, it is easy to see: it is possible to mitigate some of the factors to prevent the development of orthopedic pathology. Surgeons and orthopedists suggest you to monitor the musculoskeletal system, in time to pay attention to the first signs of inflammation.
Conservative treatment for valgus distortion of the big toe will be successful if timely treatment to the doctor. The bumps on the side of the foot is not only ugly and inconvenient, but also dangerous for your health. Than before doctor will prescribe treatment, the lower the risk of complications and surgery.